Container loads (FCL)

Maritime Transport – long-term cooperation with a wide network of freighters and transport agents around the world allow us to carry out delivery from almost anywhere on the earth directly to the customers door

Container 20 ft

Container 20ft x 8ft x 8ft 6 in (6,1m x 2,4m x 2,6m)
Average internal dimensions Average door dimensions Average size
Length Width Height Width Height
5,890mm 2,345mm 2,400mm 2,335mm 2,290mm 33,3 m3

The steel structure of the container is the base and the corner posts. The frame is built along the support beams, beams and transverse beams.

The container floor, which takes over the mass of the load, must also withstand the maneuvering of the goods stacker.
On the floor and inside walls of the container there are handles to fix the load.

The strongest part of the container is the corner posts, with lower and upper hooks, which are used to fix, lift and position the container.
Double doors are mounted on hinges welded to the corner posts. The doors are waterproof, lockable for 2-4 locks with holes for padlocks and seals. The roof is the weakest part of the container and can not be loaded on it.

The containers are designed for transportation of any general cargoes. After making temporary or provisional ‘modifications’ they can also be used to transport bulk cargo, both bulk and liquid.  Bulk cargoes, are transported in one big bee loaded pneumatically and filling the interior of the container.

Unloading requires a device with a pneumatic, or semi-trailer container truck. Neutral liquids are transported through so-called FLEXITANKS, which is often cheaper than  tank containers.

Tare container ranges from 1.8 to 2.5t.  Average payload is 21.8t.  There are also containers with increased load capacity, eg 27t.

NOTE: In practice, the weight of goods that can be loaded into the container limits not only its payload, but also the road and rail regulations and the type of rolling stock used.  By accepting a specific tonnage for loading, you must remember both the shipping, destination and transit limits.

Container 40 ft 

Container 40ft x 8ft x 8ft 6 in (12,2m x 2,4m x 2,6m)
Average internal dimensions Average door dimensions Average size
Length Width Height Width Height
12,015 mm 2,345 mm 2,362 mm 2,335 mm 2,260 mm 66,9 mm3

Design and purpose as a universal 20 ‘ container.   The outer dimensions of the container 40 ‘were selected to accommodate 2 containers 20’ with a 3 inch gap.  Unlike containers 20 ‘, the pockets of containers 40’ serve only to move them without goods.

Tare is strongly differentiated depending on the series of container, on average you can accept about 3.9 tons.  The load capacity is about 26t.  A common mistake among unskilled shippers is to mechanically accept a doubled payload following the doubled container capacity of 40 ‘to 20’

Container 40′ 45’ High Cube

Container 40'HC – external dimensions 40ft x 8ft x 9ft 6 in (12,2m x 2,4m x 2,9m)
Average internal dimensions Average door dimensions Average size
Length Width Height Width Height
12,015mm 2,345mm 2,690mm 2,335mm 2,580mm 76m3
Container 45'HC - external dimensions 45ft x 8ft x 9ft 6 in (13,7m x 2,4m x 2,9m)
Average internal dimensions Average door dimensions Average size
Length Width Height Width Height
13,556mm 2,345mm 2,690mm 2,335mm 2,580mm 86m3

Containers High Cube (HC) differ from the standard container 40′ higher external capacity 9’6″ (2,895 mm), and in the case of a container, 45′ in length. As a result, an additional 10 m³ load space was obtained for a 40’HC container and 20 m³ for a 45’HC container.  These containers are intended for the transport of spatial loads and the height, which makes it impossible to load into a standard container.

The road gauge, which is 4 m high, requires the use of container trailers with a maximum load height of 1.1 m for HC container transport.

Tare and permissible load capacity of HC containers does not differ significantly from universal containers 40 ‘.  In the case of 40’HC containers, we can assume a tread of 4.2 tonnes and a payload of 26.5 tonnes.  For containers 45’HC the average tare is 4.8 tons and the payload is 26 tons.

 Open Top 20ft Container

Container Open Top 20ft x 8ft x 8ft 6 in (6,1m x 2,4m x 2,6m)
Roof (average parameters for type X) Average size
Length Width
A B C D E
5,700m 5,080mm 2,200mm 1,505mm 1,850mm 32,4m3
Door (average parameters for type X) Average volume
Width Height
F G H I K
2,315mm 1,680mm 2,200mm 2,080mm 1,860mm 32,4m3

Open Top Containers are primarily designed to carry loads that can not be stowed into the standard container through the door for manipulation purposes, loaded from above (e.g. by crane), exceeding the height of the standard container.  The construction of the container provides the opportunity to load using the entire roof and door apertures. The roof of the container is covered by a waterproof tarpaulin fitted with a customs-locked cable.  The floor and walls of the container have clamping brackets.  The permissible load on the floor of the container using forklift trucks exceeds ISO requirements by 33%.

NOTE: The tare and load capacity of the open top container is strongly varied depending on series and type;  In the case of loads with dimensions and weights close to the averaged parameters, it is necessary to verify the data with the gesture of the container. The construction of the roof hole significantly limits its light in relation to other, similar sized internal container. Open top containers are  increasingly used to transport bulk goods. The cargo is poured on top and for gravity unloading of semi-trailers, used container trucks.

 Open Top 40ft Container

Kontener Open Top 40ft x 8ft x 8ft 6 in (12,2m x 2,4m x 2,6m)
Roof (average parameters for type X) Average volume
Length Width
A B C D E
11,880mm 11,500mm 2,200mm 1,880mm 1,920mm 64,5 m3
Doors (average parameters for type X) Average volume
Width Height
F G H I K
2,330mm 1,900mm 2,200mm 2,260mm 2,100mm 64,5m3

Usage and remarks for 20’OT container.



Flat rack 20ft -open top container

Flat rack 20ft x 8ft x 8ft 6 in (6,1m x 2,4m x 2,6m)
Medium internal dimensions Internal capacity
Length Width Height
5,940mm 2,400mm 2,310mm 33,3 m3
Flat rack 40ft x 8ft x 8ft 6 in (12,2m x 2,4m x 2,6m)
Medium internal dimensions Internal capacity
Length Width Height
12,066mm 2,263mm 2,134mm 58,6 m3

Flatten containers are designed to carry loads whose dimensions prevent the use of universal containers and open top.  Strong floor construction and rigidly mounted front walls allow for fastening, securing and stacking of goods.  The container floor and longitudinal beams have numerous clamping brackets.  Customized containers can be equipped with stanchions which on the one hand limit the width of the load to the size of the container, and on the other hand make it easy to fix.

Flats containers are not equipped with tarpaulins.  Therefore, it is important to ensure that the packaging is safeguarded against the effects of various atmospheric conditions, often extreme in the case of shipboard transport.

Flatten containers have a relatively thick floor.  Its height in the case of accounts.  20 ‘is about 30cm, 40’ approx. 60cm.  In road transport, the height is one of the parameters that particularly restricts the transportation of the overall dimensions.  For this reason, it is often cheaper and easier to deliver such cargo to the port by conventional transport and there is only containerization.

In practice, container liner combination of two or more flats can be a temporary tween deck for the transportation of non-container loads.  Ports are then carried out under port-port conditions.  The cargo is accepted for transport usually as a conventional cargo.  The offering, preparation and implementation of such transport is much more complicated and expensive than the transport of standard containers.  In the case of special loads, which are insufficient to accommodate the ship, this is the only solution on many routes.

Platform containers – have a length of 20 ‘and 40’.  They are designed for the transport of heavy and bulky loads.  Platform 40 ‘platform capacity is about 40 tons and far exceeds other types of containers.  Robust floor allows the transport of loads with high point pressures.  These containers are used in port-port relationships.  Like flatten containers, in combination a few can form on board or in the hold of a tween deck to transport non-container loads.  Platform containers are equipped with high-strength fixing brackets located on the floor and side beams.